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CFD and PIV Applications in Aviation

Series Editors: T. Hikmet Karakoç, C. Özgür Çolpan, Alper Dalkiran

ISSN: 2730-7778

Book Editors: T.Hikmet Karakoç, Alper Dalkiran, Selcuk Ekici, Ali Haydar Ercan

About This Book

To improve the overall performance of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), the design should allow for the efficient use of energy, which can be translated into larger payloads and improved operational range. To improve UAV performance, these two factors motivate the quest for innovative propulsion architectures that demonstrate high synergy with the airframe and the remaining components and subsystems. These innovative propulsion architectures can assist in enhancing UAV performance. In this context, technologies such as dare distributed propulsion, thrust split, and boundary layer ingestion are examined comprehensively. CFD-based simulation tools have proven their ability to achieve ambitious performance goals.

Propulsion configuration for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) requires the evaluation of a prototype configuration before the design of the airframe utilizing any propulsion system technique. The CFD solutions enable the aerodynamic performance to be evaluated prior to physical testing. On the other hand, PIV solutions enable the prototype to be tested in a physical environment, which is necessary before safety concerns can be authorized.

Unmanned aerial vehicles with fans or propellers for vertical takeoff and landing operations and wings that can move at higher speeds can deliver greater thrust or lift for a given diameter. However, these aerodynamic devices are susceptible to a wide range of atmospheric conditions. Using simulated environmental conditions, researchers can validate their theories using PIV. High-resolution PIV measurements provide accurate aerodynamic measurements that are a valid basis for later analytical and computational design investigations. PIV observations and computational predictions of mean flow near an aerodynamic device, such as a fan, propeller blade, or wing surface, are used to quantify aerodynamic movement performance.

This book will be popular as a starting point for CFD and PIV studies and get many citations while the industry develops the latest technologies. The editors have planned the chapters of this book as below.

  • Components for Flow Measurement Techniques

  • Fluid, Correlation, and Other Flow Measurement Assessments

  • Turbulence Models For Particle Image Velocimetry

  • Software, Sector, Geometry In Particle Image Velocimetry

  • Novel Propulsion Simulation Approaches 

  • CFD Examples to Design UAV Airframe

  • Unmanned Aero Vehicle (UAV) Technologies

  • New Generation Aero Vehicle Design Procedures

About The Book Editors

T. Hikmet Karakoc, Ph.D., graduated from Anadolu University, the Department of Mechanical Engineering. He received his M.Sc. degree in Mechanical Engineering from the Yildiz Technical University. He received his Ph.D. degree from Anadolu University, where he started his full-time teaching. He received his full Professorship from Anadolu University, and he is currently researching at the Eskisehir Technical University. He has a wide range of research interests. His interest topics are “Sustainable Aviation, Aircraft Propulsion System, Insulation, Heating Ventilating, and Air Conditioning, Indoor Air Quality, Gas Turbines, Cogeneration Systems, Renewable Energy, Energy Economics, Fuels, and Combustion.” He has taken part in numerous Industrial Projects on these topics as a researcher, consultant, and project manager for over 30 projects and corporations. He also started a contest on special insulation applications among university students. He also served as an Editor-in-Chief, guest editor, and editorial board member roles for international scientific journals. He published national and international papers in over 300 and 40 books. Professor Karakoc actively follows membership positions for the Chamber of Mechanical Engineers and many sectorial associations, international scientific organizations, and societies. He is an active Board of Directors member of the International Association for Green Energy. He is currently holding the presidency of the SARES organization, which is actively supporting scientists and students in the “Sustainable Aviation” subject. He is also organizing four symposiums on aviation subject areas as a Founding Chair.

Alper Dalkıran, Ph.D., received his bachelor’s degree Faculty of Aeronautics and Astronautics at Eskisehir Technical University (Formerly known as Anadolu University) from the Avionics Department. He has completed his MSc degree in School of Science from Anadolu University in 2004 in Aviation Maintenance. He earned his Ph.D. degree in 2017 in Environmental Sustainability on Airports from the School of Science at Anadolu University by developing a model of energy-based calculations of an aerodrome. He has studies on aircraft engines, sustainability, airports, and exergy. He has a 17-year of professional experience in Airports in Information Technology, Automation, and Integration. He has managed teams on system design, projects, tests, commissioning, operational readiness, and operations. He has been working in the School of Aviation at Suleyman Demirel University since 2019 and lecturing in Flight Theory, Airline Management, and Airport Design subjects.

Selcuk Ekici received his bachelor's and master's degrees from the Civil Aviation Department of the Eskisehir Technical University in 2015 and 2019, respectively. He has been working at the Department of Aviation of Iğdır University since 2019. Assoc. Dr. Selcuk Ekici has conducted research in the field of gas turbine engine instrumentation and thermodynamic modeling of the aviation gas turbine engine. He has mainly carried out studies on the following topics: modeling of the gas turbine engine, mathematical modeling for the various engine, performance and environmental analysis of a gas turbine engine fielded with alternative/renewable fuels.

Ali Haydar Ercan received his bachelor’s degree from the University of Cumhuriyet, Sivas, at Faculty of Engineering - Mechanical Engineering department. He continued his MSc degree at the University of Gazi, Ankara at Mechanical Engineering Department, studied Heat Transfer. He earned his PhD degree from the University of Liverpool, England at Department of Aerodynamics and worked on Boundary Layer Theory on Flat Plate Surfaces and developed empiric formulas for transition development distance. He completed his PhD in 1997. He also earned Postgraduate degree in Software Technologies from the University of Liverpool in 1999. He worked at the University of Cumhuriyet as a lecturer, at University of Liverpool as an assistant lecturer during the PhD study, University of 19 Mayıs as Head of Junior Aviation Technical School and became part of founders of the department and Eskisehir Technical University - as a lecturer at the department of Porsuk Junior Technical College, Electronics and Automation Department UAV section, since beginning of 2020. He also has wide range of managerial positions experience at commercial private companies abroad.

About The Series Editors

T. Hikmet Karakoc, Ph.D., graduated from Anadolu University, the Department of Mechanical Engineering. He received his M.Sc. degree in Mechanical Engineering from the Yildiz Technical University. He received his Ph.D. degree from Anadolu University, where he started his full-time teaching. He received his full Professorship from Anadolu University, and he is currently researching at the Eskisehir Technical University. He has a wide range of research interests. His interest topics are “Sustainable Aviation, Aircraft Propulsion System, Insulation, Heating Ventilating, and Air Conditioning, Indoor Air Quality, Gas Turbines, Cogeneration Systems, Renewable Energy, Energy Economics, Fuels, and Combustion.” He has taken part in numerous Industrial Projects on these topics as a researcher, consultant, and project manager for over 30 projects and corporations. He also started a contest on special insulation applications among university students. He also served as an Editor-in-Chief, guest editor, and editorial board member roles for international scientific journals. He published national and international papers in over 300 and 40 books. Professor Karakoc actively follows membership positions for the Chamber of Mechanical Engineers and many sectorial associations, international scientific organizations, and societies. He is an active Board of Directors member of the International Association for Green Energy. He is currently holding the presidency of the SARES organization, which is actively supporting scientists and students in the “Sustainable Aviation” subject. He is also organizing four symposiums on aviation subject areas as a Founding Chair.

 

Can Özgür Çolpan, Ph.D., received his bachelor's and master's degrees from the Mechanical Engineering Department of the Middle East Technical University in 2003 and 2005, respectively. He conducted his PhD studies at the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering of Carleton University between 2005 and 2009. He continued his studies as a post-doctoral researcher there between 2009 and 2010 and at Ryerson University between 2010 and 2012. He has been working as a member of the Department of Mechanical Engineering of Dokuz Eylül University since 2012. In 2014 and 2019, he was appointed to the positions of Associate Professor and Professor, respectively. Dr. Çolpan has conducted research in the field of fuel cells and hydrogen and the mathematical modeling of integrated energy systems. His areas of research include modeling of direct internal reforming solid oxide fuel cells, material development and mathematical modeling for direct methanol fuel cells, development of high temperature PEM fuel cells, simulation and optimization of the fuel cell vehicle powertrains, catalytic dehydrogenation of solid hydrogen storage materials, analysis of organic Rankine cycle based systems, and analysis of biofuel fueled turbojet.

 

Alper Dalkıran, Ph.D., received his bachelor’s degree Faculty of Aeronautics and Astronautics at Eskisehir Technical University (Formerly known as Anadolu University) from the Avionics Department. He has completed his MSc degree in School of Science from Anadolu University in 2004 in Aviation Maintenance. He earned his Ph.D. degree in 2017 in Environmental Sustainability on Airports from the School of Science at Anadolu University by developing a model of energy-based calculations of an aerodrome. He has studies on aircraft engines, sustainability, airports, and exergy. He has a 17-year of professional experience in Airports in Information Technology, Automation, and Integration. He has managed teams on system design, projects, tests, commissioning, operational readiness, and operations. He has been working in the School of Aviation at Suleyman Demirel University since 2019 and lecturing in Flight Theory, Airline Management, and Airport Design subjects.